Villas in Crete, Villa Chania, Villa Kreta, Rent Crete Villas, Vacances Crete Hotel Villas in Crete, Villa Chania, Villa Kreta, Rent Crete Villas, Vacances Crete Hotel
tel:+30 28210 90760 +30 28210 90760
Suomi
info@thehotel.gr +30 28210 90760

Kreeta > Heraklion crete > Knossos palace

Knossos palace

Knossos Palace 1Knossos is the most famous of the palaces of the Minoan civilization. It was destroyed possibly by a volcanic eruption about 1450 BC. The ancient Knossos was the hub of the Minoan Civilization which imposed the Aegean 4000 years ago. According to mythology, the palace was the seat of the king Minos. It is also connected with intriguing legends, such as the myth of the Minotaur in the Labyrinth under the Palace, and the story of Daidalos and Ikaros. Minos Kalokerinos did the first excavations of the site in 1878. However, Sir Arthur Evans was the archaeologist who did the complete excavations of the site (1900-1913 and 1922-1930).

The old (first) palace was built around 2000 B.C. but it was completely destroyed by an earthquake in 1700 B.C. The new (second) palace was built immediately on the ruins of the old one and it was more complex in plan, like a labyrinth. In the middle of the 15th century B.C. when the Achaeans from the Greek Mainland conquered Crete it was partially destroyed. The palace was finally destroyed again by fire (Santorini Volcano) in the mid-14th century B.C. Sir Arthur Evans managed to extensively reconstruct the Palace of Knossos.

Knossos Palace 2The Palace of Knossos is the largest and the most spectacular of all the Minoan palatial centres. The Palace spread over 20,000 square meters (2 hectares) of land with heights reaching four stories. It was constructed in a labyrinth-like pattern and it provided housing for about 100,000 people. Colourful friezes and frescoes, figures and paintings on plaster fill the walls of the palace and exhibit life from this era. There are varying pictures from animals and people to gods and various ceremonies, which depict an advanced and sophisticated society. Further examination of the Palace''s interior decoration reveals that war was not a common theme and women were depicted almost as frequently as men.

The variety of building materials used and the marble revetment show an advanced level of technology. This is also demonstrated by some architectural and structural features, such as the light-wells and the complex drainage and water-supply systems.

Knossos Palace 3The palace is set around a large Central Court, which was used for public meetings. A second courtyard, the West Court, was used both as the official approach to the palace and a ceremonial area. In the west wing there are the official rooms for administrative and religious activities; the Tripartite Shrine, the Sacred Repositories and the Pillar Crypts; the Throne Room is outstanding among them. The most important areas in the south wing are the South Propylon, the Corridor of the Procession and the South Entrance, with the fresco of the Prince of the Lilies. The east wing contained the residential quarters and large reception rooms, the most important being the Hall of the Double Axes and the Queen''s Hall. These rooms are approached by the imposing Grand Staircase. From the North Entrance, a road led to the harbour of Knossos. The North Entrance is flanked by elevated stoas, the west one being decorated with the Bull Hunt fresco. The stone-paved Royal Road led from the Small Palace and the city to the North-west corner of the palace, where there was an open-air theatrical area.

Around the palace the Minoan settlement extended with the cemeteries on the hills. Some more important buildings are the followings; the South House, the House of the Chancel Screen, the Small Palace, the Caravanserai, the Royal Villa and the Temple-Tomb. The Villa Dionysos with its floor mosaics (2nd AD) is an important building of the Roman period. All the impressive finds of the palace (pottery, vessels, figurines, the archive of Linear B tablets, and the original wall-paintings) are housed in the Herakleion Museum.

Useful Tips:

It is better to visit Knossos in spring or autumn, since the cooler weather will make it easier to explore the site. However, if you visit Crete in the peak of summer try to be in the site in the first morning hours. There are a few tavernas and snack bars near the entrance on the road to Heraklion.

Holiday Rentals We Recommend

  1. Lato Boutique Hotel in Kreeta, Heraklion, Heraklion Town

    Lato Boutique Hotel

    in Heraklion, Heraklion Town, from 90 / night

    Lato Boutique Hotel on 4 tähden hotelli, joka sijaitsee hieno paikalla, täsmälleen vastapäätä vanha satama Heraklion tarjoaa spactacular panoraamanäkymät venetsialainen linnoitus ja Välimerelle, lähellä päässä kuuluisasta arkeologinen ja historiallinen museoita.  More...

  2. Villa Lygaria in Kreeta, Heraklion, Agia Pelagia

    Villa Lygaria

    in Heraklion, Agia Pelagia, from 270 / night

    Villa Lygaria on 2 makuuhuoneen upouusi oma uima-allas (4*8 metriä), kaunis panoraamanäköala merelle, 500 metrin jalka päässä ihanin hiekkaranta Lygaria, 4 km Agia Pelagia ja 20 km länteen kaupungin Heraklion.  More...

  3. Classy Villa in Kreeta, Heraklion, Archanes

    Classy Villa

    in Heraklion, Archanes, from 140 / night

    Classy Villa on hämmästyttävä, perinteisesti suunniteltu 3-makuuhuoneen, joka sijaitsee viehättävässä maaseudun kaupungin Archanes, 10 km Heraklionin kaupungista ja 13 km kansainväliseltä lentokentältä. Hieno hiekkaranta Amnissos sijaitsee noin 10 km pitkälle.  More...

  4. Almyra House in Kreeta, Heraklion, Kokkini Chani

    Almyra House

    in Heraklion, Kokkini Chani, from 178 / night

    Almyra House on kaunis, merinäköala 3 makuuhuoneen asuinpaikka vieressä hiekkaranta, muutaman askeleen päässä merestä, alueella Kokkini Chani.  More...

  5. CHC Athina Palace Hotel and Spa in Kreeta, Heraklion, Agia Pelagia

    CHC Athina Palace Hotel and Spa

    in Heraklion, Agia Pelagia, from 126 / night

    CHC Athina Palace Resort & Spa on 5 tähden hotelli, joka sijaitsee pienen vuoren, 300m päässä beauiful rannalta Mades Lygaria.Luksushotelli sijaitsee noin 5 kilometrin päässä ihmeellinen keinona Agia Pelagia ja noin 25 km länteen Heraklionin kaupungista.  More...

  6. Villa Irina in Kreeta, Heraklion, Palaiokastro

    Villa Irina New!

    in Heraklion, Palaiokastro, from 200 / night

    Villa Irina is a lovely 3-bedroom villa, situated in the seaside village of Palaiokastro, only 750 meters away from the mixed sandy and shingle beach and 13.5 km from Heraklion town. A supermarket, a tavern and a cafeteria can be found in a distance less than 900 meters.  More...

  7. White Villas in Kreeta, Heraklion, Agia Pelagia

    White Villas

    in Heraklion, Agia Pelagia, from 150 / night

    White Villas are two unique sea view villas in Agia Pelagia, 1000 meters from the sandy beach. Each Villa has three bedrooms with three en-suite bathrooms, a private infinity pool and amazing views of the bay of Agia Pelagia.  More...

  8. Beach Apartment in Kreeta, Heraklion, Agia Pelagia

    Beach Apartment

    in Heraklion, Agia Pelagia, from 100 / night

    The seafront 2-bedroom Beach Apartment lies in front of the sandy beach of Lygaria, 22 km away from the town of Heraklion and it offers lovely sea views.  More...

  9. Villas Milos in Kreeta, Heraklion, Agia Pelagia

    Villas Milos

    in Heraklion, Agia Pelagia, from 514 / night

    Villas Milos kaksi irrallaan 2-makuuhuoneen huviloita yksityisten altaat, ja yksi uusi stonebuilt 2 makuuhuoneen majatalo, joka voi vuokrata vain yhdessä kaksi huvilaa Milos. Kaunis merinäköala tarjotaan kukkulalla, 4,5 km päässä hiekkarannoista Agia Pelagia ja Lygaria.  More...

  10. Best Cars Rental in Kreeta, Heraklion

    Best Cars Rental

    in Kreeta, Heraklion, from 22 / night

    TheHotel.gr has started co-operation with Best Cars rental, a local car rental company with a great variety of elegant and nice cars with good prices and personalised customer service. Car rentals in Heraklion airport and in Chania are airport are provided.  More...