Population: 150.000 residents (137.711 according to the 2001 census).
Surface: 120 sqm.
Climate: Soft Mediterranean.
Geographya: Capital of Crete, in the centre of the northern coast of island.
History: Birthplace of the first European civilization since Minoan Period 3.000 b.c. with capital the city of Knosos.
Economy: Key sectors are Tourism, Agriculture and Trade.
Crops: Olive trees, vines, orange,legumes.
Food: Cretan foods with olive oil, legumes, vegetables, fruits, wine.
Flora: Unique aromatic plants.
Fauna: Unique Cretan Chamois (Kri Kri).
Museums: Archaeological Museum, Historical Museum, Natural History Museum, Museum Of Battle of Crete.
Academic Institutions: University of Crete, Faculty of Medicine (8.000 students), Technological Institution (6.500 students), Foundation of Research and Technology (FORTH), Technological Park (STEPc).
Airport: Second International Airport of Greece, first in charter flights. Itineraries.
Harbour: Important passenger, commercial and cruise. Itineraries.
Hotels: Numerous of luxury, A'' ,B'',and C'' category Hotels and rented rooms.
Road Network: National road connects Heraklion with the other main cities of Crete.
Hospitals: Regional Academic (PEPAGNI), Venizeleio General.
Tourist Period: From April To November
Information: National Tourism Organization.