Villas in Crete, Villa Chania, Villa Kreta, Rent Crete Villas, Vacances Crete Hotel Villas in Crete, Villa Chania, Villa Kreta, Rent Crete Villas, Vacances Crete Hotel
tel:+30 28210 90760 +30 28210 90760
Dansk
info@thehotel.gr +30 28210 90760

Kreta > Geology

Geology

Geology Balos

Crete was formed by the movements of the earth's tectonic plates. Simply put, many milions of years ago a huge area of ocean opened up between the Eurasian and African plates. Crete, with most of Greece, was intermittently submerged under the sea. Tha land mass finally rose again as the two plates moved toward each other, producing the Hellenic Island Arc, of which Crete is part.

The shifting of tectonic plates has created faults and gorges and caused the elevation, subsidence and collapse of land. Further tectonic up thrust, earthquakes, weather and erosion have all continued to shape the structure of the island as we see it today.

The mountains dominate the landscape with four massifs, each formed with a limestone core; the White Mountains of the west, Psiloritis in central Crete and the Dikti and Thripti Mountains of the east. Psiloritis peaks at 2456m, with the highest summit of the White Moutains a close second at 2452 m. The Dikti and Thripti mountains reach heights of 2148m and 1476m respectively. These high ranges are linked by smaller mountains and hills, valleys and plains.

Crete has a number of mountain plateaux, the most well known being the high, fertile plain of Lassithi situated at over 850m. There are over 100 gorges on the island, many of them concentrated in the province of Sfakia, including Samaria, at 18km the longest gorge in Europe. Some of the shorter gorges are no less spectacular. It is said that there are over 3000 caves and caverns, many of which are unexplored, while others have been used as sanctuaries in the past, or had sacred gignificance.

More than 50% of Crete is mountainous and the terrain defines the island. Relatively small distance can take hours to transverse. A journey from west to east, a distance of 260km, will take as mush as 6 hours, even with the benefit of a modern, major highway. The terrain has also played a significant part in the islands history overmany centuries of invasion and occupation. Cretan's have used the landscape to clever advantage, exploiting their knowledge of caves, gorges and the high mountains, to the full.

Read Also:

Flora and Fauna in Crete

Ferieboliger som vi anbefaler

  1. Okeanides Villas i Kreta, Rethymno, Bali

    Okeanides Villas

    i Rethymno, Bali, from 210 / night

    En fortræffelig gruppe med tre villaer med 3 soveværelser, med privat pool og vidunderlig havudsigt, tilbydes på toppen af bakken Bali, 35 km ffra Heraklion, 35 km fra den charmerende by Rethymnon og 800 m fra sandstranden.  More...

  2. Aposperitis Houses i Kreta, Rethymno, Bali

    Aposperitis Houses

    i Rethymno, Bali, from 53 / night

    Aposperitis Houses er en gruppe på fem 1-værelses traditionelle lejligheder med en fælles pulje, som er placeret i den rolige landsby Drosia i et område med højeste naturlige skønhed og ro.  More...

  3. Villa Electra i Kreta, Rethymno, Bali

    Villa Electra

    i Rethymno, Bali, from 210 / night

    Villa Electra er en luksus 3-værelses villa med privat pool og fantastisk udsigt over havet, medlem af den moderne gruppe af Ocean Luxury Villas. Villaen er beliggende 7 km øst for landsbyen Bali, 35 km fra Rethymno og Heraklion, og ca. 800 m fra sandstranden.  More...

  4. Ocean Luxury Villa Kalypso i Kreta, Rethymno, Bali

    Ocean Luxury Villa Kalypso

    i Rethymno, Bali, from 210 / night

    Ocean Luxury Villa Kalypso is a luxury 3-bedroom villa with a private pool and gorgeous sea and sunset views, the middle of the modern Ocean Luxury Villas in Bali. The villa is located 7 km east of the village of Bali, 35 km from Rethymno and Heraklion, and approximately 800 meters away from a sandy beach.  More...

  5. Villa Pitho i Kreta, Rethymno, Bali

    Villa Pitho

    i Rethymno, Bali, from 210 / night

    Villa Pitho er en moderne, havudsigt 3-værelses villa med privat pool, den vestligste af de Ocean Luxury Villas. Det ligger 7 km fra landsbyen Bali, mellem Rethymno og Heraklion. En dejlig, remote sandet kan findes omkring 800 meter væk.  More...

  6. Anemomilos Villas i Kreta, Heraklion, Agia Pelagia

    Anemomilos Villas

    i Heraklion, Agia Pelagia, from 571 / night

    Anemomilos Villas er to fritliggende 2-værelses villaer med private pools, og en helt ny stonebuilt 2-værelses gæstehus, som kan lejes kun sammen med de to Anemomilos Villas. Dejlig havudsigt leveres på toppen af en bakke, 4.5 km fra sandstrandene i Agia Pelagia og Lygaria.  More...

  7. Villa Dioni i Kreta, Rethymno, Bali

    Villa Dioni

    i Rethymno, Bali, from 200 / night

    Villa Dioni er en moderne villa med 3 soveværelser, der er beliggende 250 m fra Ocean Luxury Villas. En sandstrand og et værtshus kan findes på en kort gåafstand, kun inden for 750 meter. Mange restauranter og en længere, mere travlt sandstrand kan findes på 7 km, i den smukke landsby Bali.  More...

  8. Medieval Villa i Kreta, Heraklion

    Medieval Villa

    i Kreta, Heraklion, from 100 / night

    Medieval Villa is a 3-bedroom eco-friendly villa with private pool, located in Kato Asites village on the foothills of Mount Psiloritis and offering great panoramic views of nature. Some traditional taverns are found within a few minutes drive and the monastery of Gorgoleni is 100 meters away  More...

  9. Villa Local i Kreta, Rethymno, Dafnedes

    Villa Local

    i Rethymno, Dafnedes, from 150 / night

    Den dejlige Villa Local tilbyder seks rummelige soveværelser og er beliggende i den lille traditionelle landsby Dafnedes, omkring 14 km syd for den fremragende sandstrand Bali, 32 km fra Rethymnon by og 60 km fra Heraklion.  More...

  10. Mourtzanakis Residences i Kreta, Heraklion, Agia Pelagia

    Mourtzanakis Residences

    i Heraklion, Agia Pelagia, from 46 / night

    Mourtzanakis Residences are a group of four traditional luxury 1-bedroom villas and three lovely studios located in the small, peaceful village of Achlada. The sandy beaches of Agia Pelagia and Fodele can be found at about 6 km away, while a few more lovely beaches are located in such short distance as well. Heraklion town is located at about 26 km away.  More...